Principles and Analytical Applications of Phase-Transfer Catalysis
Phase-transfer catalysis (PTC) has been widely used for the synthesis of organic compounds for more than three decades. The scope and mechanistic features of PTC have been the aim of numerous studies. This review is approaching the subject by focusing on the extractionpreconcentration-derivatization prior to analysis, reporting recent progress made. Moreover an attempt is made to approach the salient aspects of PTC modes including a brief review of mechanistic pathways and kinetics pointing out the potency of PTC in analytical chemistry. Optimization guidelines for PTC-based analysis are given with respect to all parameters influencing the analytical method under development, highlighting the capabilities and limitations of PTC reactions.
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