Assessment of Fate of Thiodicarb Pesticide in Sandy Clay Loam Soil

  • M. A. Bajeer National Centre of Excellence in Analytical Chemistry, University of Sindh Jamshoro, Pakistan
  • S. T. H. Sherazi National Centre of Excellence in Analytical Chemistry, University of Sindh Jamshoro, Pakistan
  • M. I. Bhanger National Centre of Excellence in Analytical Chemistry, University of Sindh Jamshoro, Pakistan
  • S. M. Nizamani National Centre of Excellence in Analytical Chemistry, University of Sindh Jamshoro, Pakistan
  • M. A. Mallah National Centre of Excellence in Analytical Chemistry, University of Sindh Jamshoro, Pakistan

Abstract

In present study the fate of thiodicarb pesticide in sandy clay loam soil was investigated through its adsorption and leaching using HPLC. Experimental results revealed that thiodicarb follows first order kinetic with rate constant value of 0.711 h-1 and equilibrium study showed that Freundlich model was best fitted with multilayer adsorption capacity 3.749 mol/g and adsorption intensity 1.009. Therefore, adsorption of thiodicarb was multilayer, reversible and non-ideal. Leaching study has indicated intermediate mobility of thiodicarb with water due to its solubility, while field study showed the non-leacher nature. However both adsorption and leaching were heavily affected by soil characteristics. As the soil taken was sandy clay loam hence due to clay texture adsorption was higher because of vacant sites existing and greater surface area. For this the pesticide has remained adsorbed in above 20 cm soil layer as clearly seen from field study, minor amount was recorded in third layer of soil having 21-30 cm depth. The leached amount of thiodicarb in first and last part of water was 1.075 and 0.003 ng/µl. The general trend observed for adsorption in column and field soil was decreased downwards from 2.027 to 0.618 and 5.079 to 0.009 ng/µl. 

Published
Dec 1, 2015
How to Cite
BAJEER, M. A. et al. Assessment of Fate of Thiodicarb Pesticide in Sandy Clay Loam Soil. Pakistan Journal of Analytical & Environmental Chemistry, [S.l.], v. 16, n. 1, p. 6, dec. 2015. ISSN 2221-5255. Available at: <http://pjaec.pk/index.php/pjaec/article/view/130>. Date accessed: 19 oct. 2017.