Chemical Compositions of the Essential oil of Aerva javanica Leaves and Stems

  • Muhammad Qasim Samejo National Center of Excellence in Analytical Chemistry, University of Sindh 76080, Jamshoro 76080, Pakistan and Dr. M. A. Kazi Institute of Chemistry, University of Sindh, Jamshoro-76080, Pakistan
  • Shahabuddin Memon National Center of Excellence in Analytical Chemistry, University of Sindh, Jamshoro-76080, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Iqbal Bhanger National Center of Excellence in Analytical Chemistry, University of Sindh 76080, Jamshoro 76080, Pakistan
  • Khalid Mohammed Khan HEJ Research Institute of Chemistry, University of Karachi, Karachi-75270, Pakistan

Abstract

The essential oils from leaves and stems of Aerva javanica was extracted through dry steam distillation and the chemical composition of the oil was determined by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS). Total nineteen compounds were identified, representing 82.96% and 78.92% of the leaves and stems, respectively. The essential oil of Aerva javanica leaves was found to be rich in hentriacontane (21.48%), nonacosane (20.59%), heptacosane (19.78%), pentacosane (5.58%), octacosane (3.47%), triacontane (2.81%) and hexacosane (2.04%). Whereas the essential oil of stems was determined to be rich in nonacosane (23.26%), heptacosane (22.48%), hentriacontane (18.32%), octacosane (3.42%), triacontane (2.24%) and squalene (2.07%). Thirteen chemical constituents were common in the essential oil of both leaves and stems of Aerva javanica.

Published
Jun 1, 2012
How to Cite
QASIM SAMEJO, Muhammad et al. Chemical Compositions of the Essential oil of Aerva javanica Leaves and Stems. Pakistan Journal of Analytical & Environmental Chemistry, [S.l.], v. 13, n. 1, p. 5, june 2012. ISSN 2221-5255. Available at: <http://pjaec.pk/index.php/pjaec/article/view/190>. Date accessed: 17 dec. 2017.