Determination of Heavy Metals in Eight Barley Cultivars Collected from Wheat Research Station Tandojam, Sindh, Pakistan

  • Ghulam Qadir Shaar Department of Chemistry, Shah Abdul Latif University, Khairpur (Sindh), Pakistan
  • Tasneem Gul Kazi National Centre of Excellence in Analytical Chemistry, University of Sindh Jamshoro, 76080, Pakistan
  • Wahid Bux Jatoi Department of Chemistry, Shah Abdul Latif University, Khairpur (Sindh), Pakistan.
  • Pribho Mal Makhija Ghulam Muhammad Mahar Medical College, Sukkur, Sindh, Pakistan
  • Shamroz Bano Sahito Department of Chemistry, Shah Abdul Latif University, Khairpur (Sindh), Pakistan.
  • Adbul Hassan Shar Department of Microbiology, Shah Abdul Latif University, Khairpur (Sindh), Pakistan
  • Fateh M. Soomro Department of Microbiology, Shah Abdul Latif University, Khairpur (Sindh), Pakistan

Abstract

Barley (Hordeum Vulgare L.) is one of the most important foods for animals and possesses high nutritional value. In this paper, we have focused our study to find out the chemical parameters, especially metal content of this class of food commodity and its soil, which is not frequently used for human food. Wet digestion method was used to destroy the organic matrix to determine the content of eleven metals i.e. Iron, Zinc, Manganese, Copper, Cobalt, Chromium, Nickel, Lead, Cadmium, Barium and Aluminium, from eight Pakistani barley cultivars. The highest level of elements were determined in order; Cd < Ni < Pb < Cr < Co < Cu < Ba < Al < Mn < Zn < Fe in mg/kg. All analysis was carried out by using air- acetylene except Al and Ba where as both of these metals analysed on air-acetylene and nitrous oxide flame on Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer. Among all these entries, maximum concentration of Fe was detected in B6, Zn in B5, Mn, & Cu in B2 & B5, Co in B1, Ba in B7, Al in B8 and rest of the elements i.e. Cr, Pb, Ni and Cd were found to be with little difference of concentration among cultivars

Published
Dec 2, 2013
How to Cite
SHAAR, Ghulam Qadir et al. Determination of Heavy Metals in Eight Barley Cultivars Collected from Wheat Research Station Tandojam, Sindh, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Analytical & Environmental Chemistry, [S.l.], v. 14, n. 1, dec. 2013. ISSN 2221-5255. Available at: <http://pjaec.pk/index.php/pjaec/article/view/227>. Date accessed: 21 apr. 2018.