Physico-Chemical Analysis of Groundwater and Agriculture Soil of Gambat, Khairpur District, Pakistan

  • Tajnees Pirzada Department of Chemistry, Shah Abdul Latif University Khairpur, Sind, Pakistan
  • Mir Munsif Ali Talpur Department of Chemistry, Shah Abdul Latif University Khairpur, Sind, Pakistan
  • Yasmeen Faiz Qazi Department of Microbiology, Shah Abdul Latif University Khairpur, Sind, Pakistan
  • Shahid Naseem Department of Geology, University of Karachi, Sind, Pakistan

Abstract

This study was conducted to estimate the ground water as well as agriculture soil quality, nutrient status and physico-chemical characteristics of Gambat, District Khairpur, Pakistan.  Assorted parameters like temperature, pH, EC, TDS, Cl-, SO42-, HCO3-, sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, SAR values as well as the Piper and Stiff diagrams were determined to confer a clear picture of quality parameters in ground water and agriculture soil of the area. The present investigations conclude that the maximum parameters are not at the level of pollution except major metal ions Na+ and Ca2+. The higher concentration of Ca2+ and Na+ could be due to the deposits of the salts of these elements into soil, which may had leached into ground water. The Piper diagram suggest that composition of water is (Na++K+)-(Ca2++Mg2+)-HCO3--(Cl+SO42-)-type. The areal distribution of stiff diagram constructed for groundwater samples showed ionic balances, indicating the major ion analyses are of good quality. Therefore, both ground water and soil samples observed are satisfactory for their utilization in various purposes such as domestic, agricultural, industrial, etc

Published
Jun 3, 2013
How to Cite
PIRZADA, Tajnees et al. Physico-Chemical Analysis of Groundwater and Agriculture Soil of Gambat, Khairpur District, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Analytical & Environmental Chemistry, [S.l.], v. 14, n. 2, p. 7, june 2013. ISSN 2221-5255. Available at: <http://pjaec.pk/index.php/pjaec/article/view/230>. Date accessed: 22 sep. 2017.