Removal of Parathion from Aqueous Media Through p-tert-Butylcalix[4]arene Based Modified Silica

  • Shahabuddin Memon National Centre of Excellence in Analytical Chemistry, University of Sindh, Jamshoro 76080, Pakistan
  • Najma Memon National Centre of Excellence in Geology, University of Peshawar, Pakistan and Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Peshawar, Pakistan
  • Sibghatullah Memon National Centre of Excellence in Geology, University of Peshawar, Pakistan and Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Peshawar, Pakistan

Abstract

This study explores, adsorption efficiency of p-tert-butylcalix[4]arene based modified silica to remove parathion from aqueous environment. The adsorption parameters, i.e. pH, concentration of pesticide solution, contact time and adsorbent dosage were optimized, as 10, 1 mg L-1, 40 min and 0.04 g, respectively. Langmuir, Freundlich and Dubinin-Radushkevich (D-R) isotherm models were used to evaluate the adsorption mechanism. Adsorption constants values of these models suggest that the adsorption of parathion is favorable and were found to be best fit with Freundlich isotherm. From the kinetic study it can be predicted that adsorption of parathion follows Ho and McKay model (pseudo-second order). Thermodynamic parameters, enthalpy (ΔH), entropy (ΔS) and Gibbs free energy (ΔG) have also been evaluated and were found as -132.25, 0.45, -4.14 Jmol-1, respectively.

Published
Jun 3, 2013
How to Cite
MEMON, Shahabuddin; MEMON, Najma; MEMON, Sibghatullah. Removal of Parathion from Aqueous Media Through p-tert-Butylcalix[4]arene Based Modified Silica. Pakistan Journal of Analytical & Environmental Chemistry, [S.l.], v. 14, n. 2, p. 10, june 2013. ISSN 2221-5255. Available at: <http://pjaec.pk/index.php/pjaec/article/view/232>. Date accessed: 14 aug. 2018.