Photoelectrochemical Sensors for the Rapid Detection of DNA Damage Induced by Some Nanoparticles

  • Bin-Tian zhang State Key Laboratory of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 2871Beijing 100085, China
  • M. Jamaluddin Ahmed State Key Laboratory of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 2871Beijing 100085, China
  • Liang-Hong Guo State Key Laboratory of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 2871Beijing 100085, China

Abstract

Photoelectrochemcal sensors were developed for the rapid detection of oxidative DNA damage induced by titanium dioxide and polystyrene nanoparticles. Each sensor is a multilayer film prepared on a tin oxide nanoparticle electrode  using layer- by-layer self assembly and is composed of separate layer of a photoelectrochemical indicator, DNA.  The organic compound and heavy metals represent genotoxic chemicals leading two major damaging mechanisms, DNA adduct formation and DNA oxidation. The DNA damage is detected by monitoring the change of photocurrent of the indicator. In one sensor configuration, a DNA intercalator, Ru(bpy)2 (dppz)2+  [bpy=2, 2′ -bipyridine, dppz=dipyrido( 3, 2-a: 2′ 3′-c) phenazine], was employed as the photoelectrochemical indicator. The damaged DNA on the sensor bound lesser Ru(bpy)2 (dppz)2+ than the intact DNA, resulting in a drop in photocurrent. In another configuration, ruthenium tris(bipyridine) was used as the indicator and was immobilized on the electrode underneath the DNA layer. After oxidative damage, the DNA bases became more accessible to photoelectrochemical oxidation than the intact DNA, producing a rise in photocurrent. Both sensors displayed substantial photocurrent change after incubation in titanium dioxide / polystyrene solution in a time – dependent manner. According to the data, damage of the DNA film was completed in 1h in titanium dioxide / polystyrene solution. In addition, the titanium dioxide induced much more sever damage than polysterene. The results were verified independently by gel electrophoresis and UV-Vis absorbance experiments. The photoelectrochemical reaction can be employed as a new and inexpensive screening tool for the rapid assessment of the genotoxicity of existing and new chemicals. 

Published
Jun 1, 2010
How to Cite
ZHANG, Bin-Tian; AHMED, M. Jamaluddin; GUO, Liang-Hong. Photoelectrochemical Sensors for the Rapid Detection of DNA Damage Induced by Some Nanoparticles. Pakistan Journal of Analytical & Environmental Chemistry, [S.l.], v. 11, n. 1, p. 8, june 2010. ISSN 2221-5255. Available at: <http://pjaec.pk/index.php/pjaec/article/view/62>. Date accessed: 18 oct. 2017.