Hydrochemical Analysis and Evaluation of Groundwater Quality and Agriculture Soil of Khairpur Taluka, Sindh, Pakistan

  • Tajnees Pirzada Institute of Chemistry, Shah Abdul Latif University, Khairpur, Sindh, Pakistan
  • Mir Munsif Ali Talpur Institute of Chemistry, Shah Abdul Latif University, Khairpur, Sindh, Pakistan
  • Aziza Aftab Department of Chemical Engineering, Mehran University of Engineering and Technology, Jamshoro, Pakistan
  • Maria Kaleem Department of Geology, University of Karachi, Karachi 75270, Pakistan
  • Bushra Shahab Department of Geology, University of Karachi, Karachi 75270, Pakistan

Abstract

The inhabitants of Khairpur Taluka mostly consume groundwater for drinking and agriculture purposes. The present study was conducted to monitor the essential quality parameters of groundwater and soil. Both groundwater and soil samples of the area were classified as alkaline. All the major ions except Na and SO4 were found within the permissible limits, while the concentrations of Zn, Fe, Co, Pb, Ni and Mn in studied groundwater samples were found above the specified limit of WHO. However, soil samples were found rich in major and trace elements except Cd, which was low in comparison to world average of agriculture soil. Irrigation character of water samples on Sodium Adsorption Ratio (SAR) vs. Na% plot display fair type with few exceptions. The piper diagram implied mixed water composition with Na-Ca-Mg and HCO3SO4+Cl as dominate ions. Diverse shapes of Stiff polygons also support the mixed nature of groundwater in the study area. 

Published
Jun 1, 2016
How to Cite
PIRZADA, Tajnees et al. Hydrochemical Analysis and Evaluation of Groundwater Quality and Agriculture Soil of Khairpur Taluka, Sindh, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Analytical & Environmental Chemistry, [S.l.], v. 17, n. 1, p. 10, june 2016. ISSN 2221-5255. Available at: <http://pjaec.pk/index.php/pjaec/article/view/42>. Date accessed: 18 oct. 2017.

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